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Fatigue 93 – Proceedings of the 5th International Fatigue Conference

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Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Fatigue and Fatigue Thresholds in the International Fatigue Series (IFS), Montreal, Quebec, Canada, May 3-7, 1993 Editors: J.-P.Bailon and J.I.Dickson.
ISBN 0 947817 60 3 (1993), 1970 pages in 3 volumes Retail: €360.

Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Fatigue and
Fatigue Thresholds held 3-7 May 1993 Montreal, Quebec, Canada

VOLUME 1/3

BEEVERS MEMORIAL LECTURE

Development of Fibre-Metal Laminates (Arall and Glare), New Fatigue
Resistant Materials
J. SCHIJVE

Mechanisms in Variable Amplitude Fatigue
H. NOWACK

Modelling Small Fatigue Crack Behavior
J.C. NEWMAN, Jr

Fatigue of Offshore Structures
S.B. LAMBERT, G. GLINKA and D.J. BURNS

CYCLIC STRESS-STRAIN BEHAVIOR

Cyclic Plasticity in Face Centred Cubic Materials
C. LAIRD

Fatigue Behavior of Planar Slip Single Crystals
P. LUKAS, L. KUNZ and J. KREJCI

The Influence of Loading Ramp on the Cyclic Stress-Strain Response
of Polycrystalline Copper Specimens
S. KONG, B. WEISS, R. STICKLER, L. KUNZ and P. LUKAS

Strength Enhancement of 304 L Stainless Steel by Fatigue-Induced
Low-Temperature Martensitic Transformation
H.J. MAIER, B. DONTH, M. BAYERLEIN and H. MUGHRABI

Influence of Nitrogen on the Low Cycle Fatigue of Duplex Stainless
Steels
S. DEGALLAIX, A.SEDDOUKI, G. DEGALLAIX and J.- O.NI

Threshold Stress for the Strain Bursts of Al-Mg Alloys
Z.A. YANG, X.B. HU, Z. WANG and Z.G. WANG

Substructural Alternation of a Brass during Constant Strain Fatigue

T. XU, Y. TANG

Temperature Dependence of Low Cycle Fatigue Properties of Solder
Material (63Sn35Pb2Ag)
S. TANI, S. YOSHIOKA, A. INOUE and Y. UEGAI

Modelling of the Cyclic Stress-Strain Response by Means of Simple
Multi-Component Models
H.-J. CHRIST

Identification of the Hysteresis for Metals with Non-Masing Behaviour

J. KALETA, G.ZIETEK

MICROSTRUCTURAL ASPECTS

Corduroy Structure Obtained in a 316L Stainless Steel after Plastic
Cyclic Deformation in Vacuum: Its Formation Range at Intermediate
Temperatures and its Subsequent Cyclic Behaviour at 20°C and 600°C

M. GERLAND, R. ALAIN

Study on Fatigue Slip Bands in Some Pure Metals by Using Scanning
Tunneling Microscope
H, ISHII, S. MIYAZU and K. TOHGO

Influence of Cyclic Slip Localization Mode in Copper Single Crystals
on the Fatigue Resistance of Ion Implanted Surface Layers
P. VILLECHAISE, J. MENDEZ and P. VIOLAN

Cyclic Creep Behaviour of Al-Mg Alloys at High Temperature
Z. A. YANG, Z. WANG, X. B. HU and Z.G. WANG

On the Formation of Fatigue Striations in Fe-3% Si Bicrystal and
Single Crystal Specimens
Y. HIGO, Y. UCHIDA. S. TSURUOKA, S. KUMAI and S. NUNOURA

A Crystallographic Study of Fatigue Damage in Cold Rolled Titanium

M.SUGANO and T.SATAKE

Influence of Microstructure on Fatigue Properties of the New Titanium
Alloy IMI 834
G. LUTJERING, D.HELM and M. DAUBLER

Fatigue Damage Processes in TA6V Alloys Cycled in Air at Room Temperature

X.DEMULSANT, L. LEGENDRE, J MENDEZ

Selective Surface Aging to Improve Fatigue Behavior in a High-Strength
Beta Titanium Alloy
J.K.GREGORY and L. WAGNER

Transition of Fracture Mechanism of Ferritic Ductile Iron in Extremely
Low Cycle Fatigue
J. KOMOTORI, T. ADACHI and M.SHIMIZU

The Fatigue Properties of Commercial ZA8 Alloy
K. SAWALHA and S. MURPHY

Fatigue Softening Mechanism of Low Carbon Tempered Matensite
H. CHAI and Q. FAN

A Study of Hardening and Softening of Austenitic Stainless Steels
in Low Cycle Fatigue
G. Q. HE, C.S. CHEN and Y.Q. TAO

Micromechanisms of Fatigue Soften-Hardening on a Hot Rolled Si-Mn-Cr
Dual Phase Steel
M.K. TSENG, B.R. LI and B.J. ZHANG

Fatigue Damage Under Cyclic Compression
L. CHENXI, Z. JIANZHONG, F. ZHONGXIN

Influence of Tensile Mean Strain on Cyclic Inelastic Response
X. TUNG, Q. SUN Q and Q. YANG

CYCLIC STRESS-STRAIN AND LOW-CYCLE FATIGUE MODELLING

Modelling Cyclic Strain Hardening in Metal-Matrix Composites
J. LLORCA

A Unified Model for Small and Long Fatigue Crack Behaviour
D.L.DUQUESNAY, H. ABDEL-RAOUF, T.H. TOPPER and A. PLUMTREE

On the Physical Origin of Coffin Manson Law in Low Cycle Fatigue

T.MAGNIN, Y.BRECHET and D.SORNETTE

Effect of Phase Stress in Component Phases on Fatigue Behavior of
Two-Phase Alloys
L.ZHINGHUA and L. YIMIN

The Fractal Growth of Fatigue Defects
M.RYBACZUK

New Concept: Fatigue Damage Mechanics
P.ZENG

Van Der Waals Interaction on Small Fatigue Crack Growth
S. LI, Z. WANG and L. SUN

Fatigue Damage and Cyclic Lifetime of Cracked Isotropic Plates Considering
Two-Stage Fracture
V.P. GOLUB and E.A. PANTELEYEV

CRACK INITIATION

A Probabilistic Model for Fatigue Life Prediction of P.M. Ni Base
Superalloys containing inclusions
J.C. LAUTRIDOU, A. DE BUSSAC and F. SONIAK

Fatigue of a Hard Steel in Rotating Bending
H.BERNS, C.BROECKMANN, J.L.MUNOZ and D.WEICHERT

The Influence of Inclusions on the Fatigue Limit of Hardened Steels

A.I.GUSTAVSSON and A.MELANDER

The varea Parameter Model for Quantitative Evaluation Effects of
Nonmetallic Inclusions on Fatigue Strength
Y.MURAKAMI and T. TORIYAMA

Numerical Simulation of Inclusion Size Distribution Responsible
for Fatigue Initiation
Y. KUROSHIMA, M.SHUMIZU and K.KAWASAKI

Fatigue Crack Initiation and Propagation in a Dual-Phase Steel
Z.R. HE (HE ZERONG) and Z. GUO

Effect of Surface Modification by Ion Implantation on Fatigue Behaviours

T.TANAKA, H. NAKAYAMA and M. KATO

The Influence of Subsurface Nucleation on Uniaxial Fatigue Behavior
of ion Nitrided Specimens
J.QIAN, A.FATEMI and T.S.CORDES

Fatigue Simulation in Smooth Parts, Including Initiation
M.P.WEISS

Statistical Model of Microplastic Strain Energy Based on Metallic
Microstructures
X. TUNG

Fatigue Strength of High Mn Non-Magnetic Steel and its Microscopic
Characteristics
S.NISHIDA, N.HATTORI and T. SHIMADA

BEHAVIOR OF SHORT AND SMALL CRACKS

Mechanics of Small Fatigue Cracks
K.TANAKA

Unified Life Prediction Based on Growth of Microcracks
P.NEUMANN and H. VEHOFF

A Small-Crack Effect Assessment for 7075-T6 and LC9cs Aluminium
Alloys
X.R.WU and J.C. NEWMAN Jr

Weakest Link Concept for Crack Path in Microstructure Subjected
to Reversed Torsion
T.KATSUMURA, S.KAWACHI and K YAMADA

A Plastic Zone Based Model for Small Fatigue Crack Growth
Y.H.ZANG and L. EDWARDS

Initiation and Growth of Short Cracks in the Superalloys Mar-M247
and CMSX-6
J.GLAESENER, H.VEHOFF

Measurements of Closure Behavior of Surface Cracks
J.SONG and J. KIM

Fatigue Behavior of 316L Stainless Steel After Superficial Hardening
Treatment
J.MENDEZ, J.P.DUFOUR, M. GERLAND, P.VIOLAN

Evaluation of Fatigue Strength in Dual-Phase Steels Based on Small-Crack
Growth Law
N.KAWAGOISHI, H. NISITANI and T. TOYOHIRO

Effect of Microstructure on Small Crack Propagation in a Hot-Rolled
Sheet Steel
M.KINEFUCHI and T. YOKOMAKU

Fatigue Anisotropy in a Wrought Aluminium Alloy
A.ZABETT and A. PLUMTREE

Fatigue Fracture Behaviour of Al-Li 2090-T81 in the Presence of
Residual Stresses
M.FERAHI and S.A.MEGUID

Elastic Plastic Fatigue Crack Growth Behavior of Surface Crack in
Carbon Steel Plate
W.H.BAE, S.T.KIM and T.S.LEE

EFFECT OF NOTCHES

Calculation of Elasto-Plastic Strains and Stresses in Notched
Bodies Under Multiaxial Cyclic Loading
A.MOFTAKHAR, A.BUCZYNSKI and G.GLINKA

Corner Crack Growth under Conditions of Confined Notch Plasticity

W.R.LOCKE, J.BYRNE and I.W.HUSSEY

Notch Effects in High Cycle Fatigue: A Simple, Unified Approach

D. Taylor and M.O’DONNELL

Fatigue Failure of Dovetail Joints in Aeroengine Discs
P.PAPANIKOS and S.A.MEGUID

Influence of Surface Rolling on Notched Fatigue Strength of Al 2024
in Two Age-Hardening Conditions
L.WAGNER, C.MULLER and J.K.GREGORY

Monotonic and Cyclic Behaviour of Notched CFRP-Components and Prediction

M.LUKE, K.SCHULTE and H.NOWACK

A Fatigue Failure Criterion for Notched Glass-Fibre/ Epoxy Laminates

H.HYAKUTAKE and T.YAMAMOTO

PROPAGATION THRESHOLD

Fatigue Thresholds
P.LUKAS and L. KUNZ

A Survey of Near-Threshold Fatigue Crack Propagation: Mechanisms
and Modelling
J.PETIT and G.HENAFF

Fatigue Threshold and Closure Effect of CP Ti at 10, 30Hz in Laboratory
Air
K.LI and A.W.THOMPSON

Near-Threshold Fatigue Crack Growth of Al-Li Alloys
S.E.STANZL-TSCHEGG, J.KONIG and E.K.TSCHEGG

The Threshold of Stress Intensity Range of Iron
K.HABERZ, R.PIPPAN and H.P.STUWE

The Effect of the Grain Size on the Threshold Stress Intensity Range

K.K.GOLOS and Z.OSINSKI

The Effect of Microstructure Change and Tempering Temperature on
? Kth in SM45C Steel and STS 420 Stainless Steel
H.Chul KIM, Y.S. PARK and B.SOO LIM

CRACK CLOSURE

Direct SEM Observation and Growth Rate of Fatigue Crack Under Variable
Amplitude Loadings
M.JONO

A New Concept of Closure Evaluation for Fatigue Crack Propagation

D.L.CHEN, B.WEISS and R. STICKLER

Critical Evaluation of Crack Closure and Related Phenomena: I. Background
and Experimental Analysis
A.K.VASUDEVAN, K.SADANANDA and N.LOUAT

Critical Evaluation of Crack Closure and Related Phenomena: II.
Theoretical Evaluation
K.SADANANDA, N.LOUAT and A.K.VASUDEVAN

On the Development of Fatigue Crack Closure
B.GAMACHE and A.J. McEVILY

Fatigue Crack Closure of Micro-Alloyed Steels. Influence of Microstructure
and Environment
G.CHALANT and B.M.SUYITNO

Residual Stress and Crack Closure Effects on Fatigue Crack Growth
in a Structural Steel
J.R.T.LLOYD

Crack Closure Behaviour of Titanium Grade 2 Weldments
L.M.PLAZA and A.M.IRISARRI

Crack Closure Effect on the Threshold Behaviour of Fatigue Crack
Growth for Medium Carbon Steel
G.LU, J.WANG and Y.TAN

An Analysis of Long and Short Crack Tip Shielding in Dual-Phase
Steels
Y.S.ZHENG, Z.G.WANG and S.H. AI

Theoretical Study on the Relationship between the Volume Fraction
of Martensite and Fatigue Crack Closure Intensity in Dual-Phase
Steels
L.SUN, S.LI, Q.ZANG and Z. WANG

VOLUME II

FATIGUE CRACK GROWTH BEHAVIOUR

Influence of Microstructural Induced Crack Front Geometry Variations
on Fatigue Crack Growth of High-Strength Al-Alloys
F-J. GRAU, A.GYSLER and G.LUTJERING

Fatigue Crack Growth Mechanisms in a 8090 T615 Aluminium Lithium
Alloy
N.RANGANATHAN, J.PETIT, S.LI, J.P.BAILON and J.I.DICKSON

On the Relationship between Crystallographic Texture and Macroscopic
Fatigue Crack Deviation in AA8090
I.SINCLAIR and P.J.GREGSON

Fatigue Crack Propagation at Macroplastically Deformed AL 7475 Specimens

H.NOWACK, Y.S.WU, K.H.TRAUTMANN, R.MARISSEN, E.MALDFEL

Fractographic Remarks to Fatigue Crack Growth Rate
J.KUNZ, I.NEDBAL, J.SIEGL and O.PARTI

Effect of Alpha Phase Distribution and Transformed Beta Morphology
on the Fatigue Response of the IMI 834 Ti Alloy
A.L.DAWSON, M.D. HALLIDAY, C.J. BEEVERS and L.GRABOWSKI

Effect of Retained Metastable Phase on Fatigue Crack Propagation
Characteristics of a + ß Type Titanium Alloys
M.NIINOMI, T.KOBAYASHI and A.SHIMOKAWA

The Influence of Ageing at Intermediate Temperatures on the Fatigue
Properties of a Duplex Stainless Steel
L.ITURGOYEN, J.ALCALA and M. ANGLADA

Fatigue Crack Growth in Metastable Austenitic FE-NI-C Alloys
M.CHE, M.SCHAPER and G.ZOUHAR

The Significance of RPG Load for Fatigue Crack Propagation
M.TOYOSADA and T.NIWA

Frequency Effects on Fatigue Crack Growth in View of Dislocation
Mechanics Approach
A.BUSSIBA, M.KUPIEC and Y.KATZ

Fatigue Mechanics Analysis of Fatigue Crack Growth in Rotating Bending
Specimens
M. deFREITAS and D. FRANOIS

Fatigue Crack Propagation Rates as Effected by Various Conditions
of Surface Residual Stress
W.J.D.SHAW, X.ZHU and R.DERRY

On Fatigue Reliability Assessment
K.FARHANGDOOST and J.W.PROVAN

Statistical Property of Fatigue Crack Growth Formula da/dN =
( ? K)
L.J.WANG and Y.H. ZHANG

Fatigue Crack Propagation in a Commercial-Purity Zirconium
X.LIN and G.HAICHENG

Relation of Plastic Deformation Propagation Characterisitics and
Fatigue Behaviours of Metals
J.Z.ZHANG, Z.X.FENG, J.J.YANG and X.Z.CHEN

CORROSION FATIGUE AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS

Fundamentals of Corrosion Fatigue
T.MAGNIN

Effect of the Corrosion Fatigue Testing Frequency on the Crack Growth
Rate and its Model for Metals
O.UEHARA, Y.HIGO and S.NUNOMURA

Quantification of Fresh Surface Area Produced at a Fatigue Crack
Tip
M.SHIMOJO, M.CHUJO, Y.HIGO and S.NUNOMURA

Microscopic Processes of Environmental Fatigue Crack Propagation
in Al-Li-Cu Alloy 2090
D.C.SLAVIK and R.P.GANGLOFF

Influence of the Environment on Fatigue Crack Growth in a SiC Reinforced
Al-Alloy
J.RUIZ, J.LLORCA and M.ELICES

Influence of Seawater, Stress Ratio and Frequency on Fatigue Crack
Growth Behaviour in 7475-T7351 Al-Alloy
S.L.LIU, H.OUYANG and X.R.WU

Small Fatigue Crack Growth of High-Strength Steel in an Alkaline
Environment
M.NAKAJIMA, H.KUNIEDA and K.TOKAJI

Discontinuous Fatigue Crack Propagation in High Pressure H2S-Saturated,
Dilute Brine Solutions
P.R.HATCHER, K.F.SZKLARZ and J.G. ERLINGS

Effect of Plate Orientation and Weld Metal on Corrosion Fatigue
Crack Propagation Behaviour of a New Submarine Hull Steel
M.Z.SHAN KHAN and I.A.BURCH

Crack Growth Curves and Threaded Bolt SN-Curves for Different Bolt
on Materials in Air and in Seawater with Cathodic Protection
T.SLIND, T.G.EGGEN, E.BARDAL and P.J.HAAGENSEN

The Influence of Grain Size on Corrosion Fatigue of A537 Steel
Q.WANG, Y.SONG

Fatigue Behaviour of Structural Steels with Various Carbon Contents
in Aqueous 3.5% Natrium Chloride
Z.Q.XING and Y.J.SONG

HIGH TEMPERATURE FATIGUE

High Temperature Fatigue of Superalloys
L.REMY

Effect of Crystal Orientation on the Fatigue Crack Growth in Udimet
720 Single Crystals
P.A.S.REED and L.J.GHOSN

The Effect of Mean Stress on the Fatigue and Creep-Fatigue Behaviour
of a Single Crystal Nickel Base Superalloy
S.X.LI, D.J.SMITH and G.E.ELLISON

Temperature and Environmental Effects on Fatigue Crack Growth Rate
Behaviour in Ni-Cr-Mo Steel
C.M.MANJUNATHA and J.E.KING

Effects of Frequency and Hold Time on Fatigue Crack Growth of T1-1100
at High Temperature
B.K.PARIDA and T.NICHOLAS

Fatigue Threshold of Nickel Base Alloys at High Frequency and High
Temperature
T.Y.WU, C.BATHIAS, J.P.GUEDOU and F.SONIAK

Crack Initiation in a P.M. Superalloy and Life Prediction in Low
Cycle Fatigue
J.GRISON and L.REMY

Effects of Negative R Values on Fatigue Crack Growth
R.L.CARLSON, E.BLAKELEY, G.A.KARDOMATEAS and C.J.BEEVERS

Fatigue Properties of ODS Alloy PM 2000 at Temperatures up to 1200
°C
K.KUSSMAUL, K.MAILE, K.BOTHE, H.H. MAYER and M.WITWER

THERMOMECHANICAL, THERMAL AND CREEP FATIGUE

Creep-Fatigue Crack Growth Behaviour During Load Hold Period With
Preceeding or Succeeding Cyclic Overload
K.B.YOON, Y.H. HUH and A.SAXENA

Assessment of Creep-Fatigue Damage for 2.25 Cr-1 Mo Steel on the
Small Crack Growth Behaviour
I.NONAKA, M.KITAGAWA and H.UMAKI

Recovery and Precipitation Formation in Martensitic Stainless Steel
Under Thermal Fatigue Hold Times
I.ALVAREZ-ARMAS, A.F.ARMAS and C.PETERSEN

Tensile, Creep and LCF Behaviour of Fibreless Timet 21S Alloy
M.KHOBAIB and N.E.ASHBAUGH

A Continuum Damage Approach to Creep-Fatigue Life Prediction for
a Low Alloy Steel
V.BICEGO, N.TAYLOR and P.BONTEMPI

The Normalized Coffin-Manson Plot in Terms of a New Damage Function
Under Creep-Fatigue Condition
S.W.NAM and Y.C.YOON

Simulation of Fatigue-Creep Damage of Type 304 Stainless Steel at
Elevated Temperature
S.B.LEE, Y.S.WOO, J.Y.KIM

Low Cycle and Thermomechnical Fatigue of an Oxide Dispersion Strengthened
Nickel Base Superalloy
M.MARCHIONNI

The Effect of Particle Size on the Thermo-mechanical Fatigue Behaviour
of Metal Matrix Composites
W.V.ARSDELL, H.SEHITOGLU and M.MUSHIAKE

Experimental Measurements of Thermal Stresses in Fibre Reinforced
Metal Matrix Composites
H.GHONEM., D.ZHENG

Fatigue of (0/90) 2S SCS-6/ Ti-15-3 Composite Under Generic Hypersonic
Vehicle Flight Simulation
M.MIRDAMADI and W.S.JOHNSON

Micromechanical Modelling of Time Dependent Behaviour in Fibre Reinforced
Metal Matrix Composites
M.N.TAMIN, D.ZHENG and H.GHONEM

The Thermal Fatigue Response of an SCS-6/ Ti-15Mo-3Al-2. 6Nb-0 .2
Si (wt %) Metal Matrix Composite
W.C.REVELOS

Fatigue and Thermomechanical Fatigue of SiC/Titanium [0/90] 2S Composite

S.M.RUSS and D.G.HANSON

Analysis of a [0°/90°] Metal Matrix Composite Subjected to Thermomechanical
Fatigue
J.L.KROUPA, R.W.NEU and T.NICHOLAS

FATIGUE OF INTERMETALLICS AND INTERMETALLIC COMPOSITIES

Fatigue of Continuous Fibre Reinforced Metallic Materials
W.S.JOHNSON, M.MIRDAMADI and J.G.BAKUCKAS

JR Frequency and Stress Ratio Effects on Fatigue of Unidirectional
SCS-6/ Ti-24Al-11Nb Composite at 650°C
T.NICHOLAS, S.RUSS, N.SCHEHL and A.CHENEY

Environmental Degradation of an Intermetallic Matrix Composite During
Thermomechanical Fatigue
P.A.BARTOLLA, P.KANTZOS, M.J.VERRILLI and R.M.DICKERSON

Fatigue Crack Growth Resistance of Alpha-Two Based Titanium Aluminides
at Ambient and Elevated Temperatures
R.A.CHAVE, C.J.BEEVERS and P.BOWEN

Effect of Microstructure and Environment on Fatigue Crack Growth
in a High Strength Titanium Aluminide Alloy
X.WU and P.BOWEN

Elevated Temperature Fatigue Crack Growth in a Titanium Aluminide
Alloy
B.K.PARIDA and T.NICHOLAS

The Growth Behaviour of Small Fatigue Cracks in Titanium Aluminide
Alloys
K.S.RAVICHANDRAN and J.M.LARSEN

Fatigue Crack Growth in Gamma-Based Titanium Aluminides
W.O.SOBOYEJO

Fatigue Behaviour of TiAl Alloy
A.UENO, H.KISHIMOTO and T. KONDO

High-Cycle Fatigue Crack Initiation of Intermetallic Compounds
Q.CHEN and T.H.LIN

FATIGUE OF METAL-MATRIX COMPOSITIES

Fatigue of Particulate and Fibre Reinforced Composites
D.L.DAVIDSON

Stress-Life Behaviour of Unnotched SCS-6/Ti-ß21S Cross-Ply Metal
Matrix Composites at Room Temperature
G.T.WARD, D.J.HERRMANN and B.M.HILLBERRY

Fatigue Crack Growth in SIC Continuous Fibre Reinforced Ti-6AL-4V
Alloy Metal Matrix Composites
C.BARNEY, C.J.BEEVERS and P.BOWEN

The Influence of Reinforcing Fibres on Local Matrix Fatigue Crack
Growth Rates in a Titanium MMC
A.R.IBBOTSON, C.J.BEEVERS and P.BOWEN

Crack Bridging Behaviour in Unidirectional SCS-6 / Ti-24Al-11Nb
Composite
J.R. JIRA and J.M.LARSEN

Analysis of Bridged Fatigue Cracks in Unidirectional SCS-6/ Ti-24Al-11Nb
Composite
R.JOHN, J.R.JIRA, J.M.LARSEN and N.E.ASHBAUGH

Prediction of Matrix Fatigue Crack Initiation in Longitudinal and
Transverse Piles of Notched Metal Matrix Composites
D.J.HERRMANN, G.T.WARD and B.M.HILLBERRY

Estimation of Fibre Bridging Effect in Arall ® 3 Laminate
D.BERTHEAU, N.RANGANATHAN and J.PETIT

Influence of Relative Humidity on Fatigue Crack Propagation in Arall
3T
D.BERTHEAU, J.PETIT, N.RANGANATHAN and B.JOURNET

Small and Long Fatigue Cracks in SiC Particulate Reinforced Al-Alloys

Z.M.SUN, B.WEISS, D.L.CHEN, R.STICKLER, Z.G.WANG and J. BI

The Effect of Microstructural Characterisitics on Fatigue Crack
Growth in SiC Particulate-Reinforced Cast Aluminium Alloy Composites

J.HU, S.KUMAI, Y.HIGO and S.NUNOMURA

Small Fatigue Crack Propagation Near Notch Root in SiC Whisker Reinforced
Aluminium Alloys
K.TANAKA, G.MATSUBARA and H.TANAKA

Influence of Notches on the Fatigue Properties of a Short Alumina
Fibre Reinforced Al-2Mg Alloy
Y.BERGENGREN, A.GUSTAVSSON, M.WESTMAN and A.MELANDER

Constant Amplitude Fatigue of a Particle Reinforced Cast Aluminium
Alloy MMC at Room Temperature and 150°C
V.V.OGAREVIC and R.I.STEPHENS

Effect of Matrix Microstructure and Particle Reinforcement on the
Fatigue Behaviour of 2219 AL
G.M.VYLETEL, J.E.ALLISON and D.C. VAN AKEN

Initiation and Growth Behaviour of Small Surface Fatigue Crack on
Forged P/M Aluminium Alloys
A.SUGETA and M.JONO

Microstructural Evolution in SiC Particulate Reinforced Aluminium
Composites During Cyclic Loading
Z.G.WANG, J.WANG and W.C.YU

High Temperature Fatigue Strength of SiC Whisker and Particulate
Reinforced A2124 Matrix Composites
R.B.TAN, S.J.ZHU, Z.G.WANG and Y.X.LU

Fatigue Behaviour of Carbon Fibre Reinforced Aluminium Composite

W.C.YU, J.C.YUAN, Z.M.ZHU and Z.G.WANG

Fatigue and Fracture Behaviour of Cu-Nb Microcomposite Strong Conductor
Produced by Power Metallurgy
S.POURRAHIMI and H.NAYEB-HASHEMI

Fatigue Failure in Cyclic Compression of WC-Co Alloy
K.SATO, T.ASAMI, M.YOSHIDA and S.KODAMA

Crack Propagation Under Cyclic Compression in Notched Specimen of
WC-Co Alloys
K.SATO, T.ASAMI, Y.IYORI and S.KODAMA

Influence of Reinforcement Content on Low Cycle Fatigue Behaviour
of Tool-Steel Metal-Matrix Composite
R.ANNIGERI, T.S.SRIVATSAN, J.M. PANCHAL and A.PRAKASH

MODDELING OF DAMAGE IN COMPOSITIES

A Micromechanical Approach to Fatigue of Composite Material Systems

K.L.REIFSNIDER

Specimen Geometry Effects on Fibre Bridging in Composites
L.J.GHOSN, J.TELESMAN and P.KANTZOS

Critical Plane Approach for Composite Fatigue Life Prediction
G.SHEN, G.GLINKA and A.PLUMTREE

Simulations of Fractal Fatigue Process in Fibrous Composite
P.KOZACZEWSKI, M.RYBACZUK

VOLUME III

FATIGUE IN CERAMICS AND CERAMIC-MATRIX COMPOSITES

Crack Propagation Behaviour of Small Semi-Elliptical Surface Crack
of Alumina Under Static Load and Cyclic Load
A.UENO, H.KISHIMOTO, S.OOKAWARA and H.KAWAMOTO

Crack Propagation Behaviour in Alumina Ceramics Under Static and
Cyclic Loading
Y.SAWAKI, Y.NAGASE, H.YOSHIDA and A.INOUE

Cyclic Fatigue Crack Growth of Indentation Cracks in Y-TZP
J.ALCALA, L.ITURGOYEN and M.ANGLADA

Crack Propagation a High da/dN in Yttria-Stabilized Tetragonal Zirconia

J.I.DICKSON, Z.CHANGZUN and M.RIGAUD

Cyclic Fatigue of Mg-PSZ – Theoretical and Experimental Study
M.H.JORGENSEN and B.L.KARIHALOO

Cyclic Fatigue in a SIC/CAS Continuous Fibre Reinforced Glass Ceramic
Matrix Composite
R.F.ALLEN, C.J.BEEVERS and P.BOWEN

Cyclic Fatigue in A SiC-Based Ceramic Matrix Composite
R.L.BRETT and P.BOWEN

Fatigue Behavior of a Unidirectional Ceramic Composite with a Circular
Hole
W.R.MOSCHELLE and S.MALL

Fatigue Behavior of Several Ceramic Matrix Composites
L.P.ZAWADA, J.J.PERNOT and L.M.BUTKUS

Assessment of Fatigue Crack Propagation in Brittle Sandstones by
Fractographic and Statistical Studies
G.LI and K.H.R.MOELLE

Strength Evaluation of Ceramic Mechanical Components by Fatigue
Strength Properties
H.HIRATA, N.OKABE and K.IMAI

Statistical Research on Fatigue Failure of Ceramics Materials
H.CHUNLIN

On the Static Fatigue and Corrosion Characteristics of Polycrystalline
Alumina and Single Crystal Sapphire
Y.KIMURA and K.ISHII

FATIGUE IN POLYMERIC-MATRIX COMPOSITES AND IN POLYMERS

Remaining Strength and Fatigue Life of Composite Materials
Z.GAO

Fatigue Crack Tip Damage and Stress Fields in Polymers and Polymeric
Composites
L.PRUITT, C.BULL and S.SURESH

Specificity of Fatigue Damage Behaviour in Carbon / Epoxy Cross-Ply
Laminates
M.C.LARFARIE-FRENOT, C.HENAFF-GARDIN and E.URWALD

Interlaminar Crack Growth of Carbon-Fibre Reinforced Epoxy Under
Cyclic Mode II Loading
K.KUSSMAUL, M.V.ALBERTI, U.EISELE and T.SCHNEIDER

Intralaminar Fatigue Crack Growth in Unidirectional CFRP Under Mixed-Mode
Loading
H.TANAKA and K.TANAKA

Effects of Temperature on Monotonic and Fatigue Properties of Carbon
Fibre Epoxy Cross Ply Laminates
Y.MATSUHISA and J.E.KING

Effects of Frequency and Temperature on Delamination Fatigue Crack
Growth in Unidirectional CFRP.
Y.NAKAI and K.OHJI

Splitting Growth in Unidirectional Fibre-Reinforced Composite under
Fatigue Loading
K.TOHGO, H.ISHII and Y.HIRAKO

In-Situ Observation of Fatigue Damage in Carbon-Carbon Composites

J.C.WILLIAMS, J.C.MOOSBRUGGER and S.W.YURGARTIS

Investigation on Fatigue Fracture in Aramid/Epoxy Composites and
Damage Evaluation by Means of SAM
K.KOMAI and K.MINOSHIMA

Fatigue of Thermoplastic Laminated Composites: Correlation Between
Hysteresis Heating and Matrix Yielding
M.MOLLINARI, M.MARCHETTI and M.CAVALLINI

Fatigue Strength of Short Fibre Reinforced Polycarbonate
Y.AKINIWA and S.HARADA

A Study in Fatigue on Polyamide-Polymer
D.PETRAULT, Y.A.BERTIN, N.RANGANATHAN and J. De FOUQUET

The Effects of Water on the Fatigue Characteristics of Sheet Molding
Compound and its Degradation Mechanisms
T. YAKASAKI and Y. KIMURA

On the Fracture and Fatigue Characterisation of Single Wood Pulp
Fibres
W.Y. HAMAD and J.W. PROVAN

Fatigue and Repair Processes in Human Bone
D.TAYLOR and P.J.PRENDERGAST

The Effect of Physiological Cyclic Loading on Long Term Integrity
of a Cemented Hip Stem
L.N.GILBERTSON, S.K.BHAMBRI, T.DOOLIN and D.O’CONNOR

S-N CURVES AND HIGH CYCLE FATIGUE

Statistical Aspects of Fatigue
T.TANAKA, H.NAKAYAMA, N.HASEGAWA and A.SAKAIDA

Physical Basis of Scatter in Fatigue Life of Carbon Steels
M.GOTO, H.NISITANI and H.MIYAGAWA

The Whole Analysis of the JSMS Fatigue Strength Database for Metallic
Materials
A.SAKAIDA, T.TANAKA, H.NAKAMAMA and T.IWAYA

Analysis of Fatigue Properties of P/M Alloys Based on the New Metallic
Materials Database
H.NAKAYAMA, A.SAKAIDA, T.TANAKA, M.JONO and H.MAKIURA

New Procedures for Determining Probability Distribution of Fatigue
Strength
X.ZHENG, B.LU and H.JIANG

Effect of Residual Titanium on Fatigue Resistance of Bearing Steels

U.MURALIDHARAN, J.D.STOVER and P.KAVADAS

Study of Dynamic Strain Aging to Improve Fatigue Properties of 18-8
Stainless Steel
K.W.QIAN, W.CHEN and K. PENG

Cyclic Bending Properties of Functionally Gradient Austempered Ductile
Iron
S.TADA, T. TAKAHASHI and T.ABE

MULTIAXIAL AND MIXED-MODE FATIGUE

Modelling of Multiaxial Fatigue
F.ELLYIN, D.KUJAWSKI and Z.XIA

Multiaxial Fatigue Under Random Loading
J.L.ROBERT and J.BAHUAUD

A High Temperature Multiaxial Low Cycle Fatigue Life Criterion for
Proportional and Nonproportional Loading
T.OGATA and A.NITTA

Towards an Understanding of Mean Stress Effects on Mixed Mode I+II
Threshold Behaviour
J.TONG, J.R. YATES and M.W.BROWN

Combined Mode (Mode I + Mode III) Stress Intensity Factor Analysis
of a Crack in a Variable Thickness Plate (CCT Type)
W.H.YANG, Y.S. CHOY and M.R. CHO

Simulation of Cross Correlation Effect on Biaxial Random Fatigue

T. LAGODA and E. MACHA

Low-Cycle Fatigue Under Nonproportional Loading
X. CHEN, Q. GAO and L.X. CAI

Biaxial Cumulative Damage Analysis of Mild Steel and 40CR Steel
at Low Endurances
X. YAN and X. YANG

VARIABLE AMPLITUDE FATIGUE

Framework for Acceleration Fatigue Damage Analysis
R.SUNDER

Fatigue Crack Propagation Behaviour of an Al-Alloy Under Variable
Amplitude Loading
J.KIESE, A GYSLER and G.LUTJERING

Fatigue Crack Propagation Behaviour of Ti-6Al-4V Alloy Under Simplified
Service Loading with a Single Overload
K.AKITA, H.MISAWA, S.TOBE and S.KODAMA

The Effect of Underloading on Fatigue Crack Growth of Al-2024 Aluminium-Alloy

W.YISHENG and J.ZUIDEMA

Fatigue Crack Retardation in a Dispersion-Strengthened PM Aluminium
Alloy
G.H.BRAY and E.A.STARKE Jr

Fatigue Behaviour of Aluminium Alloy 7075 T651 Under Predominantly
Compressive Loading
N.RANGANATHAN, C.NICOLAS and B.LACHAUD

Influence of Peak Overload or Variable Loading Sequences on Fatigue-Crack
Propagation in 18% Cr-10% Ni Stainless Steel (304)
L S.BRAHMI and P.LEHR

Fatigue Crack Propogation of PS(T) Specimen Under Spectrum Loading

J.H.SONG, Z.R.HUANG and J.K.CHENG

Closure-Free Sequence Effect on the Near-Threshold Fatigue Crack
Propagation
G.HENAFF, J.PETIT, N.RANGANATHAN and B.JOURNET

Experimental Study of Fatigue Crack Propagation Under Programmed
Spectrum Loading
H.R.GUAN, L.K.XIAN

The Variation in Damage for Histories Reconstructed from a Markov
Matrix
M.A.POMPETZKI, T.H.TOPPER

A Regressive Expression of Fatigue Stress-Strain Behaviour
T.IIDA, T.TAKAHASI and Y.IKAI

Behaviour of a Quenched and Tempered Steel During Two-Step Cyclic
Bending
H.BOMAS, P.MAYR and V.SPEICHER

Improvement of Reliability Analysis Accuracy for Fatigue Under Variable
Amplitude Loading
Q.HU, L.XIE, J.LIU, H.XU

Judgement Method of Similar Load Spectra for Relative Approach of
Fatigue Life Prediction
A.PING, L.Y.XIE, D.J. WANG, H.XU

FATIGUE IN WELDS AND JOINTS

Rationalization of Short Crack Propagation Life at V-Notches with
the Notch Stress Intensity Factor
B.NIE and Y. VERREMAN

Fatigue Test of Plate Girder Specimens with 4 Types of Vertical
Stiffener Connections
M.SAKANO, I.MIKAMI, K.KANO and E. YONEMOTO

Life Extension and Repair of Welded Joints by Grinding and Peening

P.J.HAAGENSEN and T.SLIND

Fatigue Behaviours in Artificial Seawater of S25C/S25C and S25C/SUS304
Friction-Welded Joints
H.NAKAYAMA, Y.OH-UE, Y.MUKAI and K.OGAWA

An Expert System for Design and Inspection Strategy of Welded Joints

T.LASSEN and N.RECHO

Solidification Cracks Nucleation and Fatigue Growth Studies on C-Mn
A 516-70 N Steel
H.J.C. VOORWALD, N.D.NEVES and E.E.BERBARE

Stochastic Modelling and Simulation of the Surface Fatigue Crack
Growth in Welded Joints
Y.H.ZHANG and A.D.JIA

Fatigue Crack Growth Law and Influencing Factors in Weld Zone of
Alloy Steel 16Mn
D.J.WANG, D.G.SHANG and L.Y.XIE

Stress Distribution and Evaluation of Fatigue Strength on Adhesive
Joints of Steel Plates
N.TOMIOKA, J.NIISAWA and H.KITAGAWA

Development of Evaluating Method of Adhesive Joint Strength Under
Mixed Mode Conditions
N.KONDA and K.TOYAMA

Estimation of Fatigue Strength of Adhesive Bounded CFRP/Metal Joints

H.NAKAYAMA, K.MORIKAWA, M.IMANAKA and H.KODAMA

FATIGUE CASE STUDIES IN TRANSPORTATION

Case Studies of Fatigue Failures in Aeronautical Structures
R.M.PELLOUX

A Keff Function for Complex Mechanical Elements
M.GUAGLIANO, L.VERGANI

Survey on Fatigue Cracks in Steel Bridges
M.SAKANO, I.MIKAMI and H.SHIBATA

Impact Fatigue Fracture of Axle Steel and Wheel Steel in Service
with the Rolling Stock
Y.INOUE

Failure Case of a Broken Diesel Engine K.HABIB and
A.HUSAIN

FATIGUE CASE STUDIES IN POWER GENERATION AND IN INDUSTRY

Fatigue Cracking in Power Plant
T.C.LINDLEY

High-Cycle Fatigue Behaviour of Darlington Unit 2 Generator Rotor
Material
W.K.LEE, J.DENK and G.EBI

An Evaluation Method for Predicting Fatigue Remaining Lives of Structural
Components in Nuclear Power Plants with X-Ray Diffraction Technique

Y.ISOBE, A.KAMIMURA, K.FURUTA, K.AOKI and F.NAKAYASU

Environmental Effects on Crack Initiation in Boiler Tubes
G.I. OGUNDELE and D.SIDEY

Effects of Load Ratio and Gaseous Environment on Near-Threshold
Fatigue Crack Growth in A NiCrMoV Rotor Steel
J. DENK, O.E. LEPIK and G. EBI

Fatigue Behaviour of 23MnCrNiMo64 Steel tempered by Intermediate
Frequency Induction Tempering
L. ZHANG, Z. ZHANG, S. LU, Q. WANG

An Evaluation of the Fatigue Performance of BOF-Concast Rail Steel

S.K. SEN, D.MUKHERJEE, S. MISHRA and V. RAMASWAMY

NOVEL EXPERIMENTAL TECHNIQUES

Direct Measurement of the Cyclic Crack Tip Deformation
R. PIPPAN, M. LANG and O. KOLEDNIK

A Device for In-Situ SEM Study of the Fatigue Behaviour of Metals
and Ceramics
O.O. MOURITSEN and B.L. KARIHALOO

Prediction of Fatigue Damage in Aluminium Alloys with X-Ray Diffraction
Technique
Y. ISOBE, A. KAMIMURA, K. FURUTA, K. AOKI and F. NAKAYASU

Impact Fatigue Behaviours of P/M Alloys
H. NAKAYAMA, A. HIRANO and H. MAKINO

Indentation Fatigue Testing for Micro Specimen and its Damaging
Behaviour
S.NUNOMURA, S. NOGUCHI, T.YOKOI and S. KUMAI

Crack Closure Measurement Using a Pulsed Direct Current Potential
Drop Method
J. ZUIDEMA and M. KANAAR

Fatigue Crack Growth and Closure Behaviour in Aluminium Lithium
Alloy 8090
R. HERMANN and D.L. BARTLETT

Characterisation of Fatigue Crack Growth by the Opitcal Method of
Caustics
I.R. WALLHEAD, S.GUNGOR and L. EDWARDS

Use of the Villari Effect to Monitor Fatigue Properties of E355-Steel

J. KALETA, J. ZEBRACKI

Direct Observation on Crack Closure Effect Under Variable Amplitude
Loading by SEM
P. ZHANG, H. CAI, J. LUI and Q. SU

LATE PAPERS

Extrusion-Intrusion Formation in Cu and 70Cu-30ZN
J.I. DICKSON, J.P. BAILON, J. XIA and M. BUREAU

Thermal Fatigue Damage in DS Rene 80 Tested under Simulated Service
Conditions
S. GENDRON, N.J. MARCHAND, J.P. IMMARIGEON and J.J. KAEPRZYNSKI

Fatigue-Crack Propagation in Advanced Materials
R.O.RITCHE, K.T. VENKATESWARA RAO and R.H. DAUSKARDT

Influence of Temperature and Loading Regime on Strain Localisation
Effects in Fatigued F.C.C.Metals
C.HOLSTE, J.BRETSHNEIDER, W. KLEINERT and R. GURTH

Crack Arrest Analysis at Notches in a Cyclically-Loaded Ultra-High
Strength Martensitic Steel
C. HUTHMANN and G.ZOUHAR

The Orientation Dependence of Fatigue Crack Growth in 8090 Aluminium-Lithium
Plate
X.J. WU, W. WALLACE, A.K. KOUL and M.D. RAIZENNE

Prediction of Hydrogen-Induced Fatigue Thresholds ?K 14 in Iron-Base
Materials
P.G. MARSH and W.W. GERBERICH

Thermal Mechanical Fatigue Crack Growth in Ti 64 and Ti 6246
Y. DAI, N.J. MARCHAND and M.HONGOH

Thermal Mechanical Fatigue Crack Growth Mechanisms in Titanium Alloys
Y. DAI, N.J. MARCHAND, J.I. DICKSON and M HONGOH

Effects of Microstructure and Environment on Fatigue Crack Growth
of an Fe3Al Alloy
A.CASTAGNA and N.S TOLOFF

Improving the Fatigue Strength of Ti-6Al-4V by Surface Thermomechanical
Treatment
L.P.BOURASSA, S.YUE, A.R.DUJOVNE and J.D. BOBYN